Herpes is most commonly known as, Herpes Simplex. Viruses can be differentiated into two types: Herpes type 1 / HSV 1 / Oral herpes and Herpes Type 2 or HSV2 or Genital herpes. Most common type of herpes is HSV1 which can occur around the lips and mouth, and are also known as cold sores or blisters. HSV 1 can also cause HSV 2, but in most of the cases of genital herpes, they are caused by the Type 2. In the case of HSV 2 the infected person may have some type of sores in or around the rectum or genitals. Although HSV 2 sores can occur in various other locations, they are also found below the waist.
What are the causes of Herpes?
HSV 1 which is mostly transmitted through the oral secretions or through any kind of sores of the skin can be spread through kissing or sharing any objects, such as, a rating utensils or toothbrushes. Any person can get herpes type 2 infection during a sexual contact with anyone who has a genital HSV 2 infection. It is also very important to understand that both the HSV 1 and HSV 2 could spread even if the sores are not present.
What are the Symptoms of Herpes?
The most common symptom of herpes is a blister or a cluster of blisters that can occur around the affected areas. These blisters commonly occur around the genitals, rectum or around the mouth. These blisters usually appear as tender sores.
There are also some cases in which blisters do not appear which can make it very difficult for the purpose of detection of the herpes.
How is herpes simplex diagnosed?
Most of the times the appearance of the herpes is quite typical and does not require any kind of testing for the purpose of diagnosis. If your health care provider is not certain, herpes simplex can be very easily diagnosed through lab tests which includes PCR or DNA.
How Herpes can be treated?
Medications can help reduce all the pain related to a herpes outbreak and can also reduce the healing time. Medications can also decrease the total number of known outbreaks. Warm bath can also relieve the pain which is associated with the genital sores.