Herpes is an STD virus, also known as HSV. It can appear in many different parts of the body but it is most commonly found on the mouth or in genitals. There are two major types of herpes, HSV 1, commonly known as cold sores and fever blister in the mouth or in the face, HSV 2 which normally occurs in genital herpes outbreak.
What Causes Herpes?
Herpes virus is a very contagious disease which can get transferred from one person to another through direct contact. Children can easily get affected by HSV 1 due to the contact with an infected adult. Once infected with HSV1, the virus gets stays with them for the rest of their life.
Most of the time HSV 1 infection occurs with a normal interaction like eating from the same plate, kissing or sharing lip balm. Most of the times virus can also spread very easily if the infected person is experiencing some sort of outbreak. A person can also also get genital herpes from HSV 1 if the individual in question has some kind of cold sores and performs any kind of sexual activity.
HSV 2 also spreads through a contracted sexual activity with a person who has HSV 2. It is also estimated that about 20% of the adults in US who involve in sexual activity are infected with HSV 2. While the HSV 2 infections are spread after coming in contact with herpes sore.
How Herpes can be diagnosed?
Herpes can be diagnosed with the help of a normal physical exam. Your doctor can check your body for sores and can ask you questions regarding HSV symptoms. Your doctor can also request you to take the HSV test, also known as herpes culture to confirm the diagnosis if your have herpes sores on genitals. At the time of test, your doctor will take a swab sample and test the fluid taken from the sores.
Blood testing for the antibodies to HSV 1 and HSV 2 might also be used for the purpose of diagnosing all these infections. This is also especially helpful when there are no single sores present.