Cracked heels are a sign of lack of attention to foot care rather than just overexposure or lack of moisturizing. Medically, cracked heels are also known as heel fissures. Cracks are regular and linear cutting wounds mainly affect surface level comprising the epidermis. Sometimes it can penetrate deep into the dermis and become painful.
Excessive pressure on the pads of the feet make extended sideways. As the skin around the sides of the feet is dry, it will crack and cause cracked heels. The appearance of dry cracked heels also indicate zinc deficiency and omega-3 fatty acids.
Although cracks in the skin may appear anywhere on the body, one of the most common is the edge area of the heel and toes, which happen to be the most frequently used parts of our body. Dry skin or xerosis is one of the most common causes that lead to cracked heels. The other key reason is thick skin or callus around the edge of the heel. Most foot problems arise due to the negligence and carelessness with regard to foot care. Cracked feet, corns and other common foot ailments can be treated and are easily avoidable.
Cracked heels are not harmful in any event, except when the fissures or cracks are deep, and tend to become painful and the skin begins to bleed. This could lead to infection, however, is an avoidable situation especially for those who already suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes or reducing the immune system due to age or illness that may delay the processing of cracked heels.
Cracked heels are a common ailment for older or people who are constantly putting pressure on the foot pad. In addition, sebum production decreases with age, and older adults tend to suffer from dry and cracked heels.